History
Texas National Global


Texas
Post WWII- Texas produced record breaking crop with an excess of 6 million bales.


National
1556- cottonseed planted in Florida
1607- cottonseed planted in Virginia
1616- colonists grew cotton along the James River in Virginia
        -Tench Cox of Philadelphia operated the nation’s first spinning jenny, providing job in spinning and
          weaving cotton.
1791- Noah Homes built the first cotton gin
1793- Eli Whitney secured patent on the cotton gin
1793- Samuel Slater, defied British laws and came to the U.S. disguised as a farmer to establish the nation’s 
          first successful cotton yarn mill in Pawtucket, RI.
1813- Francis Cabot Lowell & others established the first factory to manufacture cotton yarn and cloth by
          machinery under one roof in Waltham, MA.
1828- John Thorpe invented ring spinning, which was the first significant textile machinery credited to the U.S.
1830- the U.S. was second only to England in the amount of cotton it consumed.
~1890-Strauss created the world’s first cotton Levis.
1844- cotton provided insulation for Samuel Morse’s invention, the telegraph, and helped speed
          communications.
1860- Cotton exports financed 60% of total U.S. expenditures for imports.
1869- cottonseed products were valued at more than $2 million and were being produced by 26 oil mills due to
           the invention of an improved huller which was invented by William Fee of Cincinnati, OH.
1879- Thomas Edison used charred cotton as the filament in the world’s first electric light.
1892- boll weevil began to plague the cotton industry
1902- The Wright Brothers used cotton muslin to cover the wings of their first plane.
1905- Southern mills exceeded New England mills in total cotton use.
1911- Cotton exports generated $53 million more revenue for the nation than wheat and wheat flour, meat and 
          dairy products, iron and steel manufacturing and copper. Cotton textile products added $29 million more
           in exports.
WWI- cotton linters were used as cellulose for making smokeless gun powder.
WWII- cotton textile industries turned 69% of equipment toward producing items for the war effort.
WWII- Army Quartermaster Corps’ procurement list includes 11,000 cotton products


Global
5000+ BC- evidence of cotton bolls and cloth were found in Mexican caves.
3000 BC- cotton was grown, spun and woven into cloth in the Indus River Valley in Pakistan.
        -natives in Egypt’s Nile River Valley were making and wearing cotton clothing.
800 AD- Arab merchants brought cotton cloth to Europe.
1942- Columbus found cotton growing in Bahama Islands.
1500- cotton was commonly known throughout the world.
1730- cotton was first spun by machinery in England.


*the dates on this timeline are not exact and should be used only as general guidelines.

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